Clary-Meuser Research Center,

GREENWASH: Perspectives on right-wing and libertarian think-tanks, free-market and common-sense environmentalists, and their corporate sponsors


Sheldon Rampton and John Stauber have been at the forefront of the effort to expose the corporate funding and right-wing "free-market" environmentalism of Steve Milloy's JunkScience website. Their recent book, Trust Us, We're Experts: How Industry Manipulates Science and Gambles With Your Future, is a must read for background on this subject. Check out a recent review of this book, Science for Sale and his recent article, How Big Tobacco Helped Create "the Junkman".

Here is their definition of "Junk Science":

... "junk science" is the term that corporate defenders apply to any research, no matter how rigourous, that justifies regulations to protect the environment and public health. The opposing term, "sound science," is used in reference to any research, no matter how flawed, that can be used to challenge, defeat, or reverse environmental and public health protection. (p. 222-223, Trust Us, We're Experts)

Steve Milloy &

According to Milloy's JunkScience website:

"Junk science" is faulty scientific data and analysis used to used to (sic) further a special agenda. The junk science "mob" includes:
The MEDIA may use junk science for sensational headlines and programming. Some members of the media use junk science to advance their and their employers' social and political agendas.
PERSONAL INJURY LAWYERS may use junk science to bamboozle juries into awarding huge verdicts. Large verdicts may then be used to extort even greater sums from deep-pocket businesses that may be fearful of future jury verdicts.
SOCIAL ACTIVISTS, such as the "food police," environmental extremists, and gun-control advocates, may use junk science to achieve social and political change.
GOVERNMENT REGULATORS may use junk science to expand their authority and to increase their budgets.
BUSINESSES may use junk science to bad-mouth competitors' products or to make bogus claims about their own products.
POLITICIANS may use junk science to curry favor with special interest groups or to be "politically correct."
INDIVIDUAL SCIENTISTS may use junk science to achieve fame and fortune.
INDIVIDUALS who are ill (real or imagined) may use junk science to blame others for causing their illness.

Background on Milloy &

According to PR Watch, Milloy became executive director of The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition (TASSC), an organization that was covertly created by Philip Morris for the express purpose of generating scientific controversy regarding the link between secondhand smoke and cancer. The Integrity in Science file on TASSC:

"Support comes from companies like Procter & Gamble, Exxon, Dow Chemical, and Philip Morris." (Village Voice, 4/23/97)
Milloy’s office is in the headquarters of APCO Associates, a Washington, D.C., PR firm that specializes in creating coalitions like TASSC. (Village Voice, April 29, 1997, p. 39)
[Environmental Working Group’s (EWG) Web site, August 16, 1998] [T]his "sound science" coalition is supported by hundreds of corporations, including 3M, Amoco, Chevron, Dow Chemical, Exxon, General Motors, Occidental Petroleum, Philip Morris, Proctor & Gamble and W.R. Grace. Its objective is to act as a speakers bureau to deliver the corporate message that environmental public policy is not currently based on "sound science," and to counter excessive regulations that are based on what it considers "junk" science. O’Dywer’s PR Services reports that TASSC is "leading the charge against what it views as the unholy alliance between environmentalists and the media" (Feb. 1996).
TASSC claimed to have 250 to 300 scientists as active members (Tulsa World, April 25, 1996).
TASSC was created in 1993 to promote "sound science" in policy decision making. TASSC is chaired by former New Mexico governor Garrey Caruthers, and claims a membership of over 400 corporations. In addition to many corporate representatives, TASSC’s extensive advisory board contains well known "science skeptics" S. Fred Singer, Bruce Ames, Dr. Patrick Michaels, Michael Sanera, and Hugh Ellsaesser. (EWG)
Steven Milloy, executive director of TASSC, is a self styled "junk science" critic who previously launched the Junk Science Page through the Environmental Policy Analysis Network (EPAN), a group he started in 1996. Milloy is also a lobbyist for the EOP Group, a DC-based lobbying firm that represents the American Crop Protection Association, the Chlorine Chemistry Council, Edison Electric Institute, among others. Under Milloy’s personal listing of groups he represents through the EOP Group in 1996 were Fort Howard Corp., the International Food Additives Association, and Monsanto. According to the most recent edition of Washington Representatives, Milloy’s client list has grown to include the National Mining Association, among others. (EWG)

Eye-Opening Articles

How Big Tobacco Helped Create "the Junkman"
In the biographical sketch that accompanies "The Fear Profiteers" (see cover story of this issue), Steven Milloy describes himself as the publisher of the Junk Science Home Page and an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute. "Milloy appears frequently on radio and television; has testified on risk assessment and Superfund before the U.S. Congress; and has lectured before numerous organizations," it adds, noting that he has also "written articles that have appeared in the New York Post, USA Today, Washington Times, The Chicago Sun-Times, and the Investors' Business Daily."

These facts are all accurate as far they go, but they say nothing about how Milloy came to be a prominent debunker of "junk science." This omission is undoubtedly by design, because it would certainly be embarrassing to admit that a self-proclaimed scientific reformer got his start as a behind-the-scenes lobbyist for the tobacco industry, which has arguably done more to corrupt science than any other industry in history ... (Read entire article)

Who produces the 'junk-science' claims, and who decides what is junk?

One of the most disturbing effects of globalisation, and the economic rationalist policies which accompany it, is that scientific research has been usurped by corporations and industry associations around the world.

There's a growing dependence on corporate-sector financing of all kinds of research -- and much of this is designed to produce a predetermined outcome. As a result, there's a glut of dubious data permeating the media and the Internet which appears to be independent and informed, but which has its origins in partisan think-tanks, public relations companies, entrepreneurial science organisers, and pay-for-service public-polling organisations ... (Read entire article)

Pro-GM scientists and the right
In the wake of the massive defeats suffered over their promotion of GM foods, pro-GM lobbyists in the UK have regrouped and with the help of a clique of right wing journalists and academics are coordinating a still more aggressive campaign of disinformation ... (
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Cato Institute: "Libertarian" in a Corporate Way
In the autumn of 1997, when Rupert Murdoch joined the board of directors at the Cato Institute, the announcement went unreported in major news outlets. Perhaps it seemed routine for one of the world's most powerful media moguls to take a leadership post at one of the most influential think tanks in Washington ... (
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Show Me The Science! Corporate Polluters and the 'Junk Science' Strategy
The battle over the Environmental Protection Agency's new proposed clean air standards is the latest example in a long line of similar efforts by environmental backlash groups to weaken, repeal or prevent passage of strong environmental protections.1 In the clean air debate no fewer than 12 backlash groups have weighed in with their views on the "soundness" of the EPA's science.2 Of those groups, two were established specifically for the purpose of combating the air standards ... (
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An interview with Steven J. Milloy
Public health expert Steven J. Milloy is executive director of The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition (TASSC) and publisher of the Junk Science Home Page ( He is the author of several books and reports, including Choices in Risk Assessment: The Role of Science Policy in the Environmental Risk Management Process, a widely acclaimed publication that resulted from his work for the U.S. Department of Energy examining the relative roles of science and policy in regulatory risk assessment ... (
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For additional articles like this one, go to the Tittabawasse River Watch web site for complete coverage of the Tittabawassee River Dow Chemical dioxin contamination saga.. The source organization's web site link is listed above. The Newspaper / Media page of our site contains an extensive archive of media articles dating back to January 2002. The Newspaper / Media page may be accessed by scrolling down to the bottom of the CONTENTS section and clicking on the Newspaper/Media link.