04/15/076  Study finds dioxin increases liver tumors and lung metaplasia

4-Methoxyestradiol-induced oxidative injuries in human lung epithelial cells.

Cheng Y, Chang LW, Cheng LC, Tsai MH, Lin P.

Department of Physiology, Collage of Medicine, China Medical University, 91 Shueh-Shih Road 40402, Taiwan, ROC.

Epidemiological studies indicated that people exposed to dioxins were prone to the development of lung diseases including lung cancer. Animal studies demonstrated that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) increased liver tumors and promoted lung metaplasia in females. Metabolic changes in 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) resulted from an interaction between TCDD and E(2) could be associated with gender difference. Previously, we reported that methoxylestradiols (MeOE(2)), especially 4-MeOE(2), accumulated in human lung cells (BEAS-2B) co-treated with TCDD and E(2). In the present study, we demonstrate unique accumulation of 4-MeOE(2), as a result of TCDD/E(2) interaction and revealed its bioactivity in human lung epithelial cell line (H1355). 4-Methoxyestradiol treatment significantly decreased cell growth and increased mitotic index. Elevation of ROS and SOD activity, with a concomitant decrease in the intracellular GSH/GSSG ratio, was also detected in 4-MeOE(2)-treated cells. Quantitative comet assay showed increased oxidative DNA damage in the 4-MeOE(2)-treated H1355 cells, which could be significantly reduced by the anti-oxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC). However, inhibition of cell growth and increase in mitotic arrest induced by 4-MeOE(2) were unaffected by NAC. We concluded that 4-MeOE(2) accumulation resulting from TCDD and E(2) interaction would contribute to the higher vulnerability on lung pathogenesis in females when exposed to TCDD.

PMID: 17397890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Source: www.pubmed.gov    PMID: 17397890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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